Critical ThinkingPractice assumptions Robert M Ellis All arguments, whether inductive or deductive, begin with assumptions also known as premises. The Pope is a secret Hindu. This is all entirely valid: Assumption-spotting is perhaps the most crucial practical skill in Critical Thinking.
Translate this page from English Print Page Change Text Size: The first step in this process is understanding the parts of thinking, or elements of reasoning. They are present in the mind whenever we reason.
To take command of our thinking, we need to formulate both our purpose and the question at issue clearly. We need to use information in our thinking that is both relevant to the question we are dealing with, and accurate. We need to make logical inferences based on sound assumptions. We need to understand our own point of view and fully consider other relevant viewpoints.
We need to use concepts justifiably and follow out the implications of decisions we are considering. In this article we focus on two of the elements of reasoning: Learning to distinguish inferences from assumptions is an important intellectual skill.
Many confuse the two elements. Let us begin with a review of the basic meanings: If you come at me with a knife in your hand, I probably would infer that you mean to do me harm. Inferences can be accurate or inaccurate, logical or illogical, justified or unjustified.
An assumption is something we take for granted or presuppose. Usually it is something we previously learned and do not question. It is part of our system of beliefs. We assume our beliefs to be true and use them to interpret the world about us. If we believe that it is dangerous to walk late at night in big cities and we are staying in Chicago, we will infer that it is dangerous to go for a walk late at night.
We take for granted our belief that it is dangerous to walk late at night in big cities. If our belief is a sound one, our assumption is sound.Critical Thinking 3: Assumptions January 19, Critical Thinking, Practice assumptions Robert M Ellis All arguments, whether inductive or deductive, begin with assumptions (also known as premises).
· Value Assumptions A person’s Value Conflict Value conflicts arise when people give different priorities to each value. What are the conflicts?monstermanfilm.com Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.
To be skilled in critical thinking is to be able to take one’s thinking apart systematically, to analyze each part, assess it for quality and then improve it.
The first step in this process is understanding the parts of thinking, or elements of reasoning. These elements are: purpose, question. Asking the Right Questions 5/e -- Ch 5 notes Critical Question: What are the Value Conflicts and Assumptions?
Assumption --Assumptions are: General Guide for Identifying monstermanfilm.com · View Notes - Chapter 9 - Critical thinking - Value Conflicts and Assumptions from PHILOSOPHY 31 at University of California, Los Angeles.
Value Conflicts and Assumptions Common Values Common valuesmonstermanfilm.com