Umma and sharia their relation and

You reading should indicate why this is so. What is the ultimate source of value and significance? For many, but not all religions, this is given some form of agency and portrayed as a deity deities.

Umma and sharia their relation and

The system is also concerned with determining the shape and nature of this relationship according to the specific historic phases. The major question which directly imposes itself is: What distinguishes the concept of Shariah from the concept of the Ummah? In its deep essence, Shariah is a divine concept while the Ummah is a human matter.

How should the relationship between these two concepts be established? What will happen to the Shariah tenets, which are fundamentally divine matters, when they fall into human hands which are subject to human, fallible norms such as perception, memory, interpretation, whimsicality and personal interest?

There are some people who do not attribute any importance to such questions, believing that faith, alone, will neutralize the mechanisms. The writer envisages that the correct application of Shariah — which will ultimately achieve the overall purpose and objective of Islam — should be based on the sovereignty of the Ummah before anything else.

Here, the writer is leaning on the fact that Shariah is a divine matter while its application is existential.

He asserts that the sovereignty of the Ummah is the proper bridge between these two concepts, making them complementary while at the same time preserving the right of each of them to achieve the purposes of Shariah in the correct manner.

The writer does not provide a clear-cut and a direct definition of the concept of the Ummah, which has the right to supremacy and political authority. It is, however, obvious that the Ummah to which the writer is referring does not entail all the Muslims of the world but any given population of which Muslims constitute the majority in a country.

This differs from the definition of the Islamic Ummah during the first centuries of Islam.

Umma and sharia their relation and

This difference embodies the discrepancy in the meaning of Shariah and its applications in the contemporary age. What is meant by the sovereignty of the Ummah? How will this affect the meaning of Shariah itself and the correctness of its application? Does the author mean to say that the sovereignty of the Ummah means that it alone will determine the application of Shariah through the vote of the majority on the personal and public lives of the people?

This is exactly what Al-Malki wants to highlight in his book. They would rather consider it a kind of secularism. He will not rule the people by himself. The matter being so, a particular group of people will take over the reign of the state and give themselves the right to rule in the name of God and on his behalf.

Let us take the issue from the beginning. Here arises a complex problem. By its very nature, worship is an individual matter.

It is confined to the relationship between man and God. The latter will decide its correctness and reward His subject depending on the real intention of the worshipper, his sincerity and honesty. These are all metaphysical questions which only God is aware of.

Only God can rule if worship of a certain individual is correct and done out of fear of Him or if it includes some sort of hypocrisy and is done for worldly gains.

Hence, nobody can determine the real intention behind worship except God and the worshipper himself. The intervention of the state to force people to worship and encourage good behavior will prompt many people to engage in acts of worship and pretend to be religious in conduct, speech and dress to satisfy the rulers and gain their confidence.

The intervention of the state between man and God will increase hypocrisy and ultimately spread corruption. The net result is that the religious objective behind the application of Shariah in this way will be counterproductive which may be harmful to both the religion and the state.

It is obvious that Al-Malki is aware of this aspect of the application of Shariah. The former does not have a legal commitment like Haj. It is an ethical matter to which the individual is free to adhere or not to adhere to. These rules relate to the worshipping and conduct of the individual within his own private world.

They stem from the ethics of the individual and his own personal relationship with God. Therefore, the state has no right to intervene in these matters except when they start affecting the society at large.

The latter communal legal rights are legal matters relating to rights, crimes, trade and the likes.The Archbishop made no proposals for sharia in either the lecture or the interview, and certainly did not call for its introduction as some kind of parallel jurisdiction to the civil law.

New York Post. Share this: Facebook; more harm than benefit the cause of women or their relations with men,” Saleha Mahmood Abedin maintained, while forcefully arguing in favor of Islamic.

Tag: the Flames of War Then, the Nasheed goes on to describe the battle scene, and after that it goes back to describe their relation with Allah.

This relation is summed in a statement: “It is only to Allah that we bow.” (The Munshed of the nation: i.e The Muslim Nation, or Umma).

Shackles of Sharia by BS Murthy

He has a very confusing existence, and controversies. Document - Being a paper presented at the second National Conference of the Supreme Council on Sharia in Nigeria (SCSN) held at Damaturu Yobe State October 21, by Hajiya Bilkisu (mni) editor. Fearing that their influence might be diminished, the clergy of Iran proposed their support and persuaded him to assume the role of the Shah.

[88] – Reza Shah began to make some dramatic changes to Iranian society with the specific intention of westernization and removing religion from public sphere. If the slavery of a human being in relation to God is a true one, his freedom is relieved from the yoke of changes.

Amin added that if the Indonesian Muslims desired Sharia, their vox populi wishes should become government policy.

“with cold clarity” and “sternness” critiqued “religious and leftist seekers after umma.

Umma And Sharia Their Relation And Fundamental Importance In Islamic Society. Essays